The information contained in these FAQs is provided solely as a convenience to its readers, is not intended to be and does not constitute legal advice, and should not be relied upon for any legal purpose. This information is subject in each instance to the actual terms of the referenced documents and applicable law, which are very technical by nature, and may depend on specific facts. Any person that uses or otherwise relies in any manner on the information set forth herein does so at his or her sole risk. All warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, relating to the information set forth or otherwise referenced herein, and the use thereof, are hereby expressly disclaimed, including but not limited to, all warranties relating to or arising in connection with the use of or reliance on such information, and all warranties as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of such information. Any entity that believes it may be impacted by the above information or associated provisions, rules or laws should consult with, and rely solely upon, the advice of its own legal advisors.
None. A new Member becomes subject to the consortium’s IPR Policy solely in a forward-looking capacity. Of course, if a new Member, in it’s capacity as an implementer of a standard, has had a patent brought to its attention, it would be helpful to have that patent brought to GlobalPlatform’s attention.
Every meeting of a working group commences with the reading of the following notices:
“Please be aware that this meeting is being held under the GlobalPlatform Intellectual Property Rights Policy. If you do not have a copy of this policy, please contact (or inform) the chairperson during this meeting. You may also view and download a copy here: View IPR Policy.
At this time, each person in attendance is required to inform the chairperson if they are personally aware of any claims under any patent applications or issued patents which would be likely to be read upon by an implementation of any specification or other work product which is the subject of this meeting. You need not be the inventor of such patent or patent application in order to inform GlobalPlatform of its existence, nor will you be held responsible for expressing a good faith belief which proves to be inaccurate.”
Knowledge of an existing and/or potentially conflicting patent should be declared by any individual attending a GlobalPlatform meeting, based on their best and available knowledge. A declaration should also be made when a Member company realizes they may have a patent that might be essential to any already approved standard, or to a GlobalPlatform work-in-progress, whether or not the Member is a member of the working group developing that work-in-progress.
The appropriate members of the Technical Committee (in the case of an already adopted standard) or the working group (in the case of a standard under development) will assess the case in light of the disclosure and the commitments (if any) made by the disclosing member regarding the patent,and analyze what to do with the approved standard and/or GlobalPlatform work-in-progress.
Declarations are listed on the public website: IP Disclaimers. The statements made on GlobalPlatform’s public website are those provided by the owners of the patent claims in question. GlobalPlatform is not in a position to assess whether or not any such claim is indeed essential, and therefore takes no position on the validity or invalidity of any of the listed assertions of essentiality. Implementers of GlobalPlatform standards are therefore advised to engage in their own due diligence prior to proceeding with their proposed implementation.
The Member is expected to identify (a) the specific patent claims within a patent that would be infringed, and (b) the portion of the draft standard that would result in the infringement. It is not necessarily to give an explanation of why or how that conclusion was reached, although it is helpful if the Member does so.
Regarding undisclosed IPR Rights, if the failure to disclose was intentional and false, then IPR Policy Section 1.1(d) applies, and the Member is obligated to grant a RAND-free license with respect to the undisclosed Rights to anyone (Member or Non-Member alike) that desires to implement that specification. On the other hand, if the failure was not intentional and false, then IPR Policy Section 1.5 applies, and the Member will be asked to provide a RAND-free license as above. If a RAND-free license cannot be obtained, the GlobalPlatform Specification is referred back to the relevant technical committee for further consideration.
GlobalPlatform does not wish to restrict Members in how they manage patent calls. Therefore, Members are free to decide who they wish to have complete the form. This allows Members to follow whatever internal clearance and authorization procedures they wish in connection with responding to a patent call. Often, however, this will be the Member’s primary GlobalPlatform representative, as that person.
GlobalPlatform does not mandate the degree of diligence that a Member must take to determine whether or not it owns a patent claim that might be infringed. Indeed, Section 1.4 of the IPR Policy explicitly states that Members and Member representatives are not obligated to conduct searches for patents or other IPR which would be infringed by the implementation of a GlobalPlatform specification. That said, it is the hope that Members will give thought to whether they have any patents that are relevant, and the purpose of the requirement of someone signing a form is that a Member will presumably not want anyone to sign the form unless appropriate consideration has been given. Regarding timing, a Member is required to respond in the applicable 60 day deadline stated in the IPR Policy. As a practical matter, this also sets the deadline for completion of whatever diligence the Member wishes to conduct.
It does not make any difference under this provision whether the Member has participated in the Committee or Working Group or not – the same goal applies (i.e., to learn whether there is a patent claim owned by it that would be infringed, and if so, whether and how it is available). Accordingly, if the claim and the relevant portion of the draft standard are disclosed, then the Member can refuse to license the patent claim, or reserve the right to do so but charge a royalty. However, if it is aware of such a claim and does not disclose it, then it could not later withhold, or charge a royalty, for that claim.
GlobalPlatform’s IPR Policy binds the organization that has signed the Membership Agreement and its Subsidiaries (as defined in the IPR Policy). If a Subsidiary company in a group of related companies has signed the GlobalPlatform Membership Agreement (but its parent and sister companies have not), then GlobalPlatform’s IPR Policy would not directly bind those parent or sister companies; and patent call obligations under the IPR Policy therefore would not directly apply to parent or sister companies in this situation. However, in a patent call situation, if a Member representative has knowledge of potentially necessarily infringing IPR, they would be required to disclose that, whether that IPR is owned by the Member, a parent, another related company, or a third party. Additionally, a Member’s obligations under the IPR Policy apply to IPR that the Member does not own but has the right to license to an unrelated third party without paying a royalty or other fee to a third party, even if that IPR is owned by a parent or other related company. Importantly, parent or sister companies that are not Members of GlobalPlatform have no direct obligations under the IPR Policy with respect to their IPR, since they have not signed a Membership Agreement.
If a Member (or its Subsidiary) would otherwise be required by GlobalPlatform’s IPR Policy to grant a license to a patent, but does not have the right to do so ((for example, if they co-own the patent with a third party, i.e. a person or entity other than the Member and its Subsidiaries, and the third party’s consent to grant a corresponding license is required but not provided), the Member (or its Subsidiary) would not be required to grant a corresponding license, but would still be obligated to disclose their knowledge of the patent and that they would not be able to grant the license.
Those who contribute their copyrighted materials to GlobalPlatform retain copyright ownership of their original work, while at the same time granting GlobalPlatform and all implementers of GlobalPlatform specifications full rights to revise, modify, and create derivative works based on that original work, under GlobalPlatform’s own copyright.
The language in the IPR Policy is intended to make clear that ownership of copyright in a submitted work remains with the submitting company. However, by making the contribution, the contributor agrees that GlobalPlatform will own the copyright in all resulting GlobalPlatform work product that incorporates a submitted work.
Not at all. A GlobalPlatform Member retains full ownership and control of all its relevant IPR. The IPR Policy provides that the submitter will continue to own the copyright in the text of its submission, while GlobalPlatform will own the copyright in the full text of the final work product, which will typically be made up of contributions from multiple members and draftspersons. The only impact on a submitter’s patent portfolio is to honor the commitment it made with respect to Specification implementers at the time of its submission (e.g. by providing a license on reasonable and non- discriminatory terms without the need to pay a royalty or other fee, or by providing a covenant not to assert).
No. Submissions made to each organization are entirely separate and the GPI policy applies only to the elements of a standard that GPI develops. When a GPI standard references a standard developed by another organization, only the obligations (if any) that a GPI member owes to the other organization will apply with respect to the referenced standard (and then only under the other organization’s IPR policy, and not under the GPI policy).
When completing the Form, the assertion required by Section A.5 of the Form is to be made by the member representative submitting the form, based on information of which that representative is personally aware. If that representative is not personally aware of any Patent claim or other intellectual property right of a third party that would be infringed by the implementation of the Specification in question, nothing is required to be reported on Exhibit B of the Form. The representative is not required to engage in any investigation or other due diligence prior to submitting the Form.
This phrase means that it would be impossible or infeasible to implement at least one required element of a specification without infringing the patent claim in question, taking into account technical and economic (other than any licensing fees for the patent claim in question) considerations.
As a standards organization, GlobalPlatform works on a tight budget and must be careful to avoid potential litigation. One way it does this is by requiring licensees of the specifications to indemnify GlobalPlatform to the extent GlobalPlatform is sued by a third party as a result of the licensee’s use of the GlobalPlatform specifications.
Without exception, GlobalPlatform has required all of its specification licensees to agree to the indemnification provisions in the click-wrap. As a result, GlobalPlatform cannot justify modifying those terms for any one licensee.
If a Member or Non-Member accepts the license agreement but only reads and evaluates the specification, there is virtually no risk under the indemnification provision clause. This is because the obligation to indemnify only applies to damages to GlobalPlatform arising from third party claims in connection with the use of the specification by the licensee. If the licensee never implements and only evaluates, it is difficult to imagine what damages a third party could ever claim from GlobalPlatform that relate to the licensee.
Contact GlobalPlatform's Secretariat with questions